Have you ever wondered what is the difference between Secondary DNS vs Primary DNS? This article will outline the distinctions between the two and provide an overview of the advantages of incorporating Secondary DNS into your Domain Name System.
Explanation of Primary DNS
The Domain Name System (DNS) translates domain names into their corresponding IP addresses, allowing users to access websites without memorizing long strings of numbers and letters. A Primary DNS server hosts a website’s zone file and a text database that stores essential domain information, like the IP address, domain administrator, and resource records.
Resource records indicate the domain names and their correlating IP addresses, which sometimes take the form of an A record (IPv4 address), AAAA record (IPv6 address), MX record (for assigning mail servers to a domain), or NS record (for identifying the authoritative DNS servers). The Primary DNS server is also responsible for keeping the DNS records up-to-date and will propagate the changes to the secondary servers.
So, what is Secondary DNS?
Secondary DNS, or Secondary Domain Name systems, save backup DNS records of a domain’s information if the primary server. This ensures that the domain’s users can access the website without interruption—even if the primary server is down. Secondary DNS operates similarly to primary DNS, except they only replicate the records rather than hosts them. The records kept by Secondary DNS are updated periodically, typically daily, by the primary server. Additionally, Secondary DNS provides a layer of redundancy, security, and performance in the domain name system.
Benefits of implementing it
- Provide redundancy, performance, and security. Secondary DNS has the ability to provide a layer of backup records to keep a website running in the case of primary server outages.
- Allow administrators to balance workloads and access records from different locations. It allows administrators to spread the workload across multiple DNS servers.
- Provide extra protection and redundancy. It provides an extra level of protection and redundancy that helps ensure that websites remain accessible even if the primary server goes down.
- Ensure website access is not disrupted. Having Secondary DNS in place ensures that website users are able to access the site without disruption in the event of a primary server outage.
Secondary DNS vs Primary DNS – Differences
Secondary DNS and Primary DNS differ in several ways, the most notable being that Primary DNS are responsible for hosting domain name information and managing resource records, whereas Secondary DNS only replicates records from the primary server. Additionally, Primary DNS servers are usually faster and more reliable than secondary servers because they have a direct connection to the authoritative nameservers.
When it comes to the actual operation of both primary and Secondary DNS, Primary DNS users must manually make and commit the changed settings while Secondary DNS are automatically updated via Zone Transfer. Furthermore, Secondary DNS is used to balance the workload between DNS servers and to increase the availability of websites. In comparison, Primary DNS can be used to quickly and efficiently direct website traffic, regardless of the issue. Ultimately, having both primary and Secondary DNS can provide a reliable data system for users.
In conclusion, it is important to understand the differences between Primary DNS and Secondary DNS. Primary DNS are responsible for hosting and managing the domain name information and resource records, while Secondary DNS are used to replicate the records of the Primary DNS server. In addition, Secondary DNS offer several benefits, such as providing extra protection and redundancy, balancing workloads, and ensuring website access is not disrupted. Ultimately, having both primary and Secondary DNS can provide a reliable data system for users.